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A Short List of Important Bundist, Leninist, Anarchist,
and Other Early 20th Century Russian Imprints

Nr. 8. • Anarkhicheskii krest’ianskii soiuz. ANARKHIST. Nr 1, Oct 10, 1907  Genčve,  1907.


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iskra18.jpg (446301 bytes)1. • Lenin, Vladimir Il’ich; & Plekhanov, G.V., editors. ИСКРА ISKRA. TSENTRALNYI ORGAN ROSSIISKOI SOTSIAL DEMOKRATICHESKOI RABOCHEI PARTII. Stuttgart, Sofia & Geneva etc, 1900-1905. Newspaper, 42-46 cm. In Russian. A total of 112 issues were published from Dec. 1900- October 1905, first monthly (Dec. 1900-Aug. 1901) and then semimonthly (Sept. 1901 onward). Supplements accompanied nos. 18, 22, 31, 43, 44, 52, 53, 56, 57, 58, 62, 63, 64, 67, 68, 69, 70, 74, 77, 86, 89, 101, 110, and 112. Lenin edited the paper from the beginning until Oct. 1903, when Plekhanov took over the helm, running the paper until its final issue. Iskra (Russian: Искра) means Spark, was a political newspaper of Russian socialist emigrants established as the official organ of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. The first edition was published in Stuttgart on December 1,1900. Other editions were published in Munich, London, and Geneva.In 1903, after the split of the RSDLP, Lenin left the staff, the newspaper was seized by Mensheviks and was published under the control of Plekhanov until 1905. The average circulation was 8,000. Iskra's motto was "Из искры возгорится пламя" ("From a spark a fire will flare up") a line from the reply [1] Vladimir Odoevsky wrote to the poem [2] by Pushkin addressed to the anti-tsar Dekabrists imprisoned in Siberia. Initial staff members were: Vladimir Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov), Georgi Plekhanov, Vera Zasulich, Pavel Axelrod (Pinchas Borutsch), Julius Martov (Ilija Cederbaum), Aleksandr Potresov and later, Leon Trotsky (Lev Davidovich Bronstein).

"The chief weapon in this battle [to unite the Socialists against the Liberals and to win workers to the struggle to overthrow Tsarism] was a newspaper which served not merely as a collective propagandist and collective agitator, but also as a collective organizer. Iskra (The Spark) formulated the party programme in an orthodox vein and served as the focus and organizational centre for calling the Second Party Congress...Local response to the first issue of the newspaper, in December 1900, was enthusiastic." In dealing with the major split with the Bund, "Lenin developed the ideas that became the organizing principles first of Iskra [the organization] , then of the Bolsheviks and later the Communist Party. In What is to be Done? (1902), he advocated a centralized organization, run by a small, disciplined groups of highly professional revolutionaries. Between 1901 and 1903, thanks to its regular appearance and reliable delivery to the localities, by its readability and forceful message, and the technical assistance its agents furnished to local groups in the form of passports and literature, Iskra, both the newspaper and the organization, forged an increasing following in Russia...By means of Iskra (The Spark), newspaper and network of agents, Lenin had enough support by summer 1903 to convene the Second Party Congress which, he believed, would expel his critics and create a disciplined party of like-minded professional revolutionaries" (Shukman, ed. Blackwell Encyclopedia Of The Russian Revolution, 1988, pp. 65-66, 339). 1 listing on OCLC mentions "reprint" with no date—this may refer to very early reprints which were done for the use of party members. It is likely that that is what many of these are, as they come from an early 20th Century socialist organization. SUBJECT(S): Socialism -- Russia --Periodicals. Geographic: Russia -- History -- Nicholas II, 1894-1917 -- Periodicals.

Available are the following:

A. Nearly Complete Run, lacking only nrs. 101-104. Nrs 1-100 (1900-1904) are bound in 2 volumes, Spine repaired, but papers are Very Good Condition overall; The following issues from Vol 5 (1905) are included but are loose: 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112. $3,500.00

B. Individual copy of Vol I, Nr 1 (may be an early period reprint for use by party activists) Good Condition. $200.00

C. Other individual loose issues, all Good-Very Good Condition, $50.00 each:

1901- Nrs. 5, 9, 10, 11, 12

1902- Nrs. 16, 18, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 

1904- Nrs. 58, 67, 

vpered.jpg (237929 bytes) proletarii.jpg (242359 bytes)2. • Lenin, Vladimir Il'ich, editor.  VPERED, NRS 1-18. [ & ] PROLETARII TSENTRALNYI ORGAN ROSSIISKOI SOTSIAL'DEMOKRATICHESKOI RABOCHEI PARTII, NRS. 1-26, BOTH COMPLETE! . Zheneva (Geneva) , Rossiiskaia Sotsial'demokraticheskaia Rabochaia Partiia. , 1905. Cloth, Folio, Aprox 264 pages. Vpered: No. 1 (22 dek. 1904) -no. 18 (5 mai 1905) ; Proletarii: No. 1 (27 (14) maia 1905) -; Ceased with no. 26, 25 Nov. 1905. In Russian. Lenin considered these as a continuation of the old Iskra. He wrote more than 40 articles for Vpered alone; some issues were entirely written by him. A few examples of content: "In March 1905, in an article in Vpered, Lenin launched his concept of a 'democratic dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry'. A further article in April elaborated his views and was published as a seperate pamphlet. " (Staff, LENIN, 2005, p. 79) Jun.14, 1906 In an article in Vpered, Lenin publicly breaks with the Mensheviks over their willingness to work with the liberal Kadets in the Duma. And, in the last issue of Vpered to appear before Lenin's departure from Geneva for the congress in London he published his 'Open Letter' to Plekhanov, imploring him one more time to submit 'the entire conflict to the judgement of the Party itself. ' Even through this appeal was rhetorical and the earlier ones may have been bluff, they were a bluff that should hvae been called ... Set up as the official Party newspaper under Lenin's editorship. ... For more on Vpered, see, for example, Marot, "Bogdanov, Vpered, and the Role of the Intellectual in the Workers' Movement (in The Russian Review, 49: 241-64) SUBJECT(S) : Socialism -- Periodicals. OCLC lists 9 holdings for Vpered and 4 holdings for the scarcer Proletarii. Bound in one period volume. A few pages trimmed close with loss of a few letters; Otherwise Very Good Condition! (ID #24785) $1,000.00. 

MX-30-010.jpg (5429246 bytes)3. • Lenin, Vladimir Il’ich; & Dan, F.(Fedor). GOSUDARSTVENNAIA DUMA I SOTSIALDEMOKRATIIA. S.-Peterburg: "Proletarskoe dielo", 1906. 1st edition. Paper Wrappers. 12mo, 32 pages. 19cm. In Russian. "Predlagaemyia stat’i izlagaiut dva takticheskikh vzgliada, namietivshikhsia v sotsial’demokratii po voprosu o vyborakh v Gosudarstvennuiu Dumu." Other Titles: “Gosudarstvennai Duma i Sotsialdemokraticheskaia taktika.” References: Khronologicheskii ukazatel’ proizvedenii V.I. Lenina, 2021. SUBJECT(S): Russia. Gosudarstvennaia Duma (1st : 1906); Rossiiskaia sotsial-demokraticheskaia rabochaia partiia. S”ezd (4th : 1906 : Stockholm, Sweden), Russia -- Politics and government -- 1894-1917. OCLC lists 2 institutions worldwide with copies (Harvard & Columbia). Very Scarce. Wear & tears & period institutional sticker on cover, no text affected, internal paper & binding Very Good Condition, Good Condition overall. $600.00 

MX-30-011.jpg (5924675 bytes)4. • Partiia Sotsialistov-Revoliutsionerov. PROTOKOLY PERVOI OBSHCHEPARTIINOI KONFERENTSII P.S.-R., AVGUST’ 1908. Paris, Izd. TSentr. kom-ta P.S.-R., 1908. Red Paper Wrappers, 8vo, 241 pages. 23 cm. In Russian. At head of title: Compte-rendu de la 1re conférence du parti Social.-Révol. Russe. SUBJECT(S): Partiia sotsialistov-revoliutsionerov -- Congresses. OCLC lists 17 copies worldwide. Light wear, faded institutional stamp on front cover, brighter stamp on title page (Bund Archives), Very Good Condition. Bright red cover remains sharp, a very nice copy. (mx-30-11) $200.00 

MX-30-009.jpg (4978074 bytes)5. • Akimov, Vladimir L[Petrovich, Pseudonymn Of Vladimir Petrovich MacHnovec. ]. MATER'IALY DLIA CHARAKTERISTIKI RAZVITIIA ROSSIJSKOI SOCIALDEMOKRATICHESKOI RABOCHEI PARTII. Zheneva (Geneva) : Rossiiskaya Socialdemokraticheskaya Rabochaya Partiya,, 1905. Paper Wrappers, 12mo, 137 pages. In Russian. For details on Akimov, see Jonathan Frankel's forthcoming book (2010) , "Vladimir Akimov on the Dilemmas of Russian Marxism 1895-1903." OCLC lists 3 copies worldwide (Bayerische Staatsbibl. , ISSG, Swiss Ntl Lib) , none in the Americas. Light wear to wrappers, Good Condition. (MX-30-8/9) (ID #24783/4) $100.00.  
MX-30-006.jpg (2689103 bytes)6. • Bebel, August, 1840-1913. SOTSIALISTICHESKOE OBSHCHESTVO. Zheneva : Izd. Soiuza Russkikh Sotsial'demokratov,, 1902. 1st edition in Russian. Paper Wrappers, 16mo, 77 pages. ; 16 cm. In Russian. August Ferdinand Bebel was a German social democrat and one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Germany. SUBJECT: Socialism. At head of title: "Rossiiskaia Sotsial'demokraticheskaia Rabochaia Partiia. Perevod s niemetskago. " Includes bibliographical footnotes. OCLC lists 11 copies worldwide. Lacks outer wrapper, as commonly found. Good Condition. (MX-30-6) (ID #24781) $40.00.  

MX-30-005.jpg (2477806 bytes)7. • Bund (Allgemeyner Idisher Arbeyterbund In Lita, Poylen Un Rusland) . II S"IEZD ROSSIISKOI S.-D.R. PARTII : OTCHET DELEGATSII BUNDA. London : Izd. Vseobshchago Evreiskago Rabochago Soiuza V Litvie, Pol'shie I Rossii,, 1903. 1st edition. Paper Wrappers, 16mo, ii, 62 pages. 14 cm. In Russian. Bundist imprint, published in London in 1903, describing the Bund delegation's perspective on the 2nd Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Party, which was held in London, where this analysis was published. "At the congress, the party split into two irreconcilable factions on November 17: the Bolsheviks (большеви́к; from Bolshinstvo - Russian for "majority"), headed by Lenin, and the Mensheviks (меньшеви́к; from Menshinstvo - Russian for "minority"),, headed by Julius Martov. Confusingly, the Mensheviks were actually the larger faction, however the names Menshevik and Bolshevik were taken from a vote held at the 1903 party congress for the editorial board of the party newspaper, Iskra ("Spark") , with the Bolsheviks being the majority and the Mensheviks being the minority" (Wikipedia) . An important work. SUBJECT: Rossiiskaia sotsial-demokraticheskaia rabochaia partiia. S"ezd (2nd : 1903 : Brussels, Belgium, and London, England) Vseobshchii Evr. Rab. Soiuz v Litvie, Pol'shie I Rossii. OCLC lists 5 institutions with copies (Harvard, Hoover, Kansas, Duke, Columbia) . Light wear, Very Good Condition. (MX-30-5) (ID #24780) $75.00. 

MX-30-012.jpg (7849228 bytes)8. • Anarkhicheskii krest’ianskii soiuz. ANARKHIST. Nr 1, Oct 10, 1907 (only of 5 issues published). Genčve, Suisse : izd. Anarkhicheskago krest’ianskago soiuza, 1907. Paper Wrappers, 4to, 40 pages. Memorialized photo of Nikolai Karlovich Yakobson on cover. In Russian. This Russian Anarchist journal survived 5 issues; from 1907-1910. Issues 2-5 (the final issue appears March 1910) were published in Paris. SUBJECT(S): Anarchism. OCLC lists 9 holdings. Faint Russian Bund Archive stamp on cover, Very Good Condition, a beauful copy! (mx-30-12) (ID# 24786)$100.00

MX-30-014.jpg (2345509 bytes)9. Kropotkin, Petr Alekseevich. ЗАПИСКИ РЕВОЛЮЦІОНЕРА. ZAPISKI REVOLIUTSIONERA. London : Izd. Fonda Volnoi Russkoi Pressy, 1902. Cloth, 12mo, xx, 477 pages. 21 cm. In Russian. 1st edition in Kropotkin’s native Russian The English version, “Memoirs of a revolutionist,” preceded the first Russian edition by 3 years. Series: Istoricheskaia biblioteka ; vyp. 1. Kropotkin was the most prominent of the Russian anarchists; his funeral in 1921 brought onto the streets of Moscow the last anti-Bolshevik anarchist demonstration until 1987. “S predisloviem Georga Brandesa ; perevod s angliiskago pod redaktsiei avtora.” SUBJECT(S): Anarchists -- Russia. Anarchism -- Russia. -- Politics and government. OCLC lists 14 copies. Lacks frontis portrait. Heavy wear to boards, few pages appear to be extracting, paper and binding remain otherwise Good. (mx-30-14) $100.00 
MX-30-013.jpg (7265566 bytes)10. Esenine (Jessinin), Sergei Aleksandrovich. ТРИПТИХЪ: ПОЭМЫ. TRIPTIKH: POEMY. Berlin: Skythen - izdat. Skif̀y. 1920. Original Paper Wrappers, 12mo, 29 pages. 1st edition. Review copy with publisher’s red review-copy stamps on cover and endpaper. “Tryptichon.” In Russian, with some publication information in German. Contents: Пришествіе -- Октоихъ -- Преображеніе. (Prishestvie -- Oktoikh -- Preobrazhenie.). Poems. The poetry of the Russian author Sergei Aleksandrovich Esenin (1895-1925) reflects the impact of industrialization on Russian rural life. The novelty of his works and his flamboyant personality attracted the attention of artistic circles in Russia and abroad.      

“Sergei Esenin was born on Oct. 3, 1895, in the Ryazan Province….In 1914 Esenin moved to Petrograd (later Leningrad, now St. Petersburg) and immediately became a literary celebrity. He made the acquaintance of the symbolist poet Aleksandr Blok and was a frequent visitor at various literary salons. He had a completely uninhibited, raucous personality. He would often become intoxicated and proclaim his verse at the top of his voice. Army service interrupted his career in 1916, but soon after the Russian Revolution he was discharged, and he returned to Petrograd. Shortly after the Revolution, Esenin married the dancer Isadora Duncan. She, like many Western artists of the period, was flirting with the new and promising ideas emanating from the Soviet Union after the Revolution. But Esenin had seen the devastating effect of these ideas on the traditional peasant culture which he cherished, and their marriage was stormy. In 1922 and 1923 Esenin and his wife toured abroad, stopping in Germany, France, Austria, and the United States. In 1925 Esenin found himself abandoned and alone in Leningrad, suffering from alcoholism. On the night of Dec. 27, 1925, he cut his wrists, wrote his last poem in his own blood, and hanged himself. Esenin's poetry is inspired by a sensitivity to nature, unsullied by modern life and free of the effects of industrialization. He is a poet of the Russian village and of the Russian peasant in his rural setting. His appreciation for nature is primitive and religious, almost pantheistic. His poems after the Revolution portray the devastating effects which the encroachment of industrialization had on traditional rural life. A typical juxtaposition in his poetry is that of a colt to the iron horse of the railroad. His style and language reflect the rhythm and color of Russian peasant speech. One of the founders of the short-lived imagist movement in Russian poetry, Esenin often uses liturgical words and bright, contrasting images. He viewed human nature as fundamentally dual, and his poetry portrays the struggle between creative and destructive forces in human life” (Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004). Small corner chip and some wear to cover, otherwise a very nice copy, Good+ Condition. (mx-30-13) $200.00