HERMANN COHEN

Berlin: Jüdischer Verlag, 1921. Item #27749

Original Publisher's Cloth. 8vo. 132 pages, portrait, 22 cm. In German. SUBJECT (S): Cohen, Hermann, 1842-1918. Bibliography on pages 95-100. Klatzkin (1882-1948) was an “author, philosopher, and Zionist. Klatzkin was born in Bereza Kartuska, Brest-Litovsk district, today Belarus. The son of Elijah Klatzkin, a prominent rabbinical scholar, who gave him a thorough education in all branches of traditional Jewish studies. At the age of 18, Klatzkin went to Germany, first to Frankfurt on the Main and then to Marburg, where he studied philosophy under Hermann Cohen. He received his doctorate from the University of Berne in 1912. In the following years Klatzkin was active in Germany as a writer for Hebrew periodicals, including Ha-Zeman, Ha-Shilo’ah, and Ha-Tekufah, and as editor of Die Welt, the organ of the Zionist Organization, and later in Heidelberg, of the Freie Zionistische Blaetter. From 1912 to 1915 he was director of the Jewish National Fund in Cologne. From 1915 to 1919 he edited the Swiss Bulletin Juif, which covered world events of special relevance to Jews during World War I and established the publishing firm Al ha-Mishmar, which issued a series of books on Jewish problems in French and German. In Berlin Klatzkin founded another publishing house, Eshkol, and continued writing for the Jewish press. In 1924 he and his lifelong friend Nahum Goldmann initiated the Encyclopaedia Judaica, of which ten volumes appeared between 1928 and 1934. Two volumes of a parallel Hebrew edition, Enziklopedyah Yisre’elit, were issued in 1929–32. Klatzkin acted as editor in chief in cooperation with leading Jewish scholars…Klatzkin was a student of philosophy as well as a brilliant Hebrew essayist. In philosophy Klatzkin opposed his teacher Cohen, whose philosophy and interpretation of Judaism he submitted to searching criticism in the monograph Hermann Cohen. He also devoted a critical study to Spinoza, Baruch Spinoza, in which he stressed the Jewish influences in his intellectual background and style; he translated Spinoza’s Ethics from the Latin to Hebrew as Torat ha-Middot. Klatzkin developed his own philosophy, which may be described as vitalistic, emphasizing the biological, instinctive aspect of life rather than the intellectual one, in Sheki'at ha-? Ayyim, and in Der Erkenntnistrieb als Lebens und Todesprinzip” (Sole and Scheps in EJ, 2007) . Lacks part of bacsktrip. Internal pages are nice and clean. Very good condition. (Rab-46-11a).

Price: $100.00

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