Livorno, Italy; Bi-Defus Shlomah Bilforti, 1904. Item #36655
Original Publisher’s Cloth with leather spine. 8vo. 84 pages. 24 cm. In Judeo-Arabic and Hebrew. Yaari, 1667 (? ) . Printed in Livorno, Italy, this Haggadah with Ladino translation following detailed illustrations from woodcuts printed in red ink. Livorno (Leghorn) was an old center of an established Sephardic community in Italy, seconding Venice in Italian Jewish printing houses, with a synagogue considered the finest in Italy. The Jews of Leghorn were known as Gorni (pl. Grana) , a “term used for the Jewish immigrants from Leghorn (Livorno) , who began to settle in North Africa, especially in Tunisia, from the 17th century on. The Grana were essentially merchants; their commercial activity was strictly connected with the Jews of Livorno. They were 400 or 500 in 1821, their number rose to 2, 500 or 3, 000 in 1893 and to about 5, 000 in 1938. Until the 1940s the Gorni constituted separate congregations in Tunis and in other towns of Tunisia, with their own administration, bet din, and communal institutions. At all times, the Grana considered themselves as belonging to the European culture (besides Arabic, they spoke Spanish, Italian, and French) and felt separate from the ‘Tuansa, ’ i. E. The old Jewish residents of Tunisia. ” (2007 Encyclopedia Judaica) The printing house which issued this Haggadah in 1904 was started by Solomon Belforte (1806–1869) , “printer of Leghorn. Belforte belonged to an Italian Jewish family that settled in Leghorn (Livorno) at the end of the 17th century. He started to edit Hebrew prayer books in 1821 and established his own printing house in 1834. In 1843, the local government authorized the printing of Italian translations of Hebrew liturgical texts. The activity of Salomone Belforte & Co. Was continued by the family – with the forced hiatus of the period of Fascist antisemitic laws and the war – until 1961, when all the equipment of the printing house was sold to an Israeli company. For almost 100 years, Salomone Belforte & Co. Was one of the most prestigious publishers of Hebrew books, meeting the intellectual and religious needs of Italian, Sephardi, and also Ashkenazi communities. Beside this, the Belforte printing house published Italian literary works and school books. ” (2007 Encyclopedia Judaica) Subjects: Liturgy and ritual. Hagadah. Judeo-Arabic. 1933. Judaism - Liturgy - Texts. OCLC does not list any copies of this edition. Heavy wear to boards and binding, pencil and pen on inner boards, pages are edgeworn and stained, but perfectly legible. (Hag-18-4).