LA BIOGRAPHIE D'ADOLPH CREMIEUX, SENATEUR DE FRANCE ET PRESIDENT DE L'ALLIANCE ISRAELITE UNIVERSELLE = (HAYE KARMIYAH)
Memel; Jm. Selbstverlage Des Verfassers, 1882. Item #36733
1st Edition. Original Boards. 12mo. [xix], 85 pages. 18cm. In Hebrew with French Title Page. Title translates in English as, “The Biography of Adolphe Crémieux, French Senator and President of the Alliance Israelite Universelle. ” “Adolphe Crémieux (1796 – 1880) was a French-Jewish lawyer and statesman and staunch defender of the human rights of the Jews of France…From 1834 until his death, Crémieux served as vice-president of the ‘Consistoire Central des Israélites de France’ (Central Consistory of the Jews of France) , the administrative agency for all French Jews. On 24 February 1848 he was chosen by the Republicans as a member of the provisional government, and as minister of justice he secured the decrees abolishing the death penalty for political offenses, and making the office of judge immovable. That same year he was instrumental in declaring an end to slavery in all French Colonies, for which some have called him the French Abraham Lincoln. When the conflict between the Republicans and Socialists broke out, he resigned office but continued to sit in the constituent assembly. At first he supported Louis Napoleon, but when he discovered the prince's imperial ambitions he broke with him…Crémieux did much to better the condition of the Jews. In 1827, he advocated the repeal of the More judaico, legislation stigmatizing the Jews left over from pre-revolutionary France…While in the government of the national defence, he secured full citizenship for the Jews in French-ruled Algeria, through the Crémieux Decree… The decree allowed for native Jews to become French citizens while Muslim Arabs and Berbers were excluded and remained under the second-class ‘indigenous’ status outlined in the Code de l'Indigénat... (Wikipedia, 2016) SUBJECT(S) : Biography, Jews, France. OCLC lists 13 copies worldwide; Jewish institutional bookplate, Some edgewear as expected, Good Condition. (MX-37-1).