Buenos Ayres : Idishe Ratsyonalistisher Gezelshaft, 1920. Item #37118
1st Yiddish Edition. No Date  Original Orange Paper Wrappers, 12mo, 32 pages. In Yiddish. Translated from the Spanish. SUBJECT (S) : Anarchism; Anarchisme; Ferrer y Guardia, Francisco. Francesc Ferrer I Guàrdia (1859 –1909) (known as Francisco Ferrer y Guardia in Spanish and often simply as FranciscoFerrer) was a Spanish anarchist. In 1901 he opened the Escuela Moderna (The Modern School) “to teach middle-class children (then) radical social values. In 1906 he was arrested on suspicion of involvement with the anarchist Mateu Morral's attack on King Alfonso XIII and released uncharged over a year later. His school failed and closed while he was incarcerated. Early in the summer of 1908, after his release from jail, he wrote the story of the Modern School. The work was entitled The Origins and Ideals of the Modern School and was translated into English and published by the Knickerbocker Press in 1913. Following the declaration of martial law in 1909 during the Tragic Week, he was arrested and, having been found guilty after a lengthy trial, executed by firing squad at Montjuich Fortress in Barcelona on 13 October. Shortly after his execution, numerous supporters of Ferrer's ideas in the United States of America formed what were called Modern Schools, or Ferrer Schools, modeled after la Escuela Moderna. The first and most notable Modern School was formed in New York City in 1911, and then later a community was founded around a school, known as the Ferrer Colony and Modern School. In Anarchism and Other Essays, Emma Goldman called Francesc Ferrer a ‘rebel’ and said that ‘his spirit would rise in just indignation against the iron régime of his country...’" (Wikipedia, 2015) . The Yidishe ratsyonalistisher gezelshaft published this work 3 times, in 1920, 1930, and 1940. Based on appearance, this seems to be the edition of 1920, of which OCLC lists only 1 copy worldwide for this edition (IISH) ; IISH also has a copy of the 1930 edition, and Harvard and UCL hold copies of the 1940 edition, for a total of 4 holdings anywhere for any of the 3 editions of this scarce Argentinian Yiddish Anarchist pamphlet. Ex-library with no markings. Internally Very Clean. Overall Very Good+ Condition. (YID-23-15).